亚博APP手机版

    亚博手机app下载:与鲁迅为邻

    • luxun(1881–1936)shizhumingwenxuejia、sixiangjia,wusixinwenhuayundongdezhongyaocanyuzhe,zhongguoxiandaiwenxuededianjiren,beiyuwei“ershishijidongyawenhuaditushangzhanzuidalingtudezuojia”。

    • luxuntongxiang @shanghailuxungongyuan(yuanhongkougongyuan)/ gongyuanjianchengyu1905nian,xianzhiweisichuanbeilutianaizhilu280hao,yuanzhongyouluxunmu、luxunjinianguan,yijizhenhanjindaishideyinfengjiyijujiniandimeiyuan。

    yaboshoujiappxiazaiyuluxunshihenyouxieyuanfende,hongkouxiaoquduimianneizuoyouzhebainianlishidegongyuanlizhenganfangzheluxunxianshengzhimu。bujinruci,zuoweigemingjia、sixiangjiahewenxuejiadeluxunqishishouxianshifanyijia、yuyanwenzixuejia,tadewenxuehuodongyifanyiqi,yifanyizhong,fanyideshulianghezhongyaoxingsihaobuyayushenzhichaoguotadechuangzuo。

    鲁迅在一九三六年十月十日的日记里写到:“……午后同广平携海婴并邀玛理往上海大戏院观《Dubrovsky》,甚佳。”这“甚佳”的影片翻译者是姜椿芳。这部影片由普希金的小说改编而来,看片活动亦由姜椿芳组织。见鲁迅先生到来姜椿芳十分高兴,递上了为这次放映出版的纪念普希金逝世一百周年的纪念册,介绍说,册子里有关普希金生平和作品的叙述,就是根据鲁迅所主编的《译文》月刊的资料编辑成的。姜椿芳并且告诉鲁迅,这部影片译名《复仇艳遇》,是国民党政府电影检查会一再挑剔而改变,才成了现在的片名。鲁迅带着愤慨的口气说,检查官就是要把作品的题目改得面目全非,让人们不知道这究竟是什么。因为影片即将放映,姜椿芳匆忙送给鲁迅两张赠票,恳请他下次再来看电影。未曾料到,这竟成了鲁迅生前所看到的最后一部影片。

    xinzhongguochenglihou,jiangchunfangzaishirenshanghaishishizhangchenyidelingdaohezhijiezhichixiachuangbanlehuadongrenmingemingdaxuefusheshanghaiewenxuexiao——zhengshijintianyaboappshoujibandeqianshen。weilejinianyuluxunxianshengdeyuanyuan,yaboappshoujibanzhongwenxiaomingquanchengbiaozhunzijiucaiyong《luxunriji》(erhanniansijuan)deshougaojizi,zi1956 nianyilaiyizhiyanyongzhijin。


    【相关阅读】

    与鲁迅为邻

    文 / 朱磊(语言研究院)

    renzhangdale,duihenduodongxijiubiandemamule。birushiernianqianchudaoyaboshoujiappxiazaishi,woduixuexiaoduimiandeluxungongyuanshineiyangshenwang,yinweineilianzangzheluxunxiansheng,keshixianzaini,wohaoxiangzongyaobazijixiangshaimianbeineiyangshizulejingpaiyipai,cainengzhaodaoyidiandangchudeganjue。pengyoushuo,shi“luxun”beiwodangchengdimingyongdetaijiule,kewozhidao,guigenjiedi,haishiyinweiwozhangdale。zaichengrendeshijieli,yiqiedoushiquedingwuyierbubijingyide,“luxun”yebuliwai。danggongjiaocheshangdejiqiyirujiwangdibaozhe“luxungongyuan——daole”,chexianglimangzhequbanzhengshidechengrenmendaizheduishenghuoyiguandeduding,renweizijitingdaoleyigediming,yushi:“daozhanle,kuaixia!”;meiyourenhuixiangdaoluxun,chufeizheishiyougehaizituranshuo:“mama,luxunni……”

    houmiandehuawomeiyoutingdao,yinweiwozheigemangliudechengrenyedaozhanle。jintianyoukouyizhengshukaoshi,suoyixiachederentebieduo。renqunchaozheheluxungongyuanyijiezhigedeyizuojudademenyongqu,xunsuhuihezaimenxia,youxunsudifenkai。haoxiangzhiyoujimiaozhong,shuodademendonglijiuzhishengxialewoyiren,duzikanzheqianfang。bucuo,zheijiushiwodemuxiaoyaboappshoujibanle。queqiedishuo,zheilixianzaizhishibenbu,yinweizheixienianlai,muxiaojiuxiangsuoyoudexuexiaoyiyangyuezhangyuedale。

    xiaoyuanlidechengrenmengegeshenqingyansu,duiciwozaoyixiyiweichang。yaboappshoujibanzheiligesanchawujiuhuiyouyichanglingchengrenmenrulindadidekaoshi,jiaotamenzhidaochurentoudidejianxin。shuoshihua,zaiguoqudeshiernianli,muxiaoliujiwodezuishenqiedeganshou,yezhengshizheiyanrandechengrenqixiang。dangran,xuexiaolibingfeimeiyouweichengnianren,xiangfan,xianzailaizheilidehaizishiyuelaiyuexiaole。keshihaowuyiwen,zheishiyigechengrendeshijie。xiaomenkouyouzhuanmendejigou,weirenmentigonggezhongyuwaiyuxiangguandezixun(hencankui,woyecengzuozaineiliweirenzixun,suiranneixiedadaxiaoxiaodekaoshihezhengshuwoxianzaihaifenbutaiqing)。zaizheigeshidai,waiyushichengrenshijielideyizhongzhongyaoziben,erqiezuihaoshizaiweichengnianshijiuquhuoqu。zheiyidian,duiyuyijingbandaolingyigexiaoququdesuoyoubenkeshengziranyeshiyiyang。zheishitamenjiangyaojinrudechengrenshijiedexianshi。erchengrenmenduiyuzheilisuojinxingdeyiqie——baokuotademude、renwu、jiazhi……——delijie,qishijiuhetamenduiyu“luxungongyuan”deganjueyiyang,doushineimeduding:zaichengrenshijiezaoyihuadingdeshenghuodituli,sheibuzhidao“waiyu”“kouyi”(xianzaihaiyaojiashang“jinrong”“caihui”“gongwuyuan”dengdengba)zheixiezhandianduiyuchenggongzhiluyouduomezhongyao?neimejiuganjinbenzhequba。

    shiernianqian,dangwojuedinglaiyaboshoujiappxiazaiqiuxueshi,qinyoumenrenweiwodagaiyeshixuanlezheimeyigezhandianbenzhequle。erqietamenjuedewomeixuanhao,yinweiwoxuanzede“waiyu”suiranshichenggongzhilushangdezhongyaoyizhan,dantasihubingfeizhongdian。yourengancuiduiwoshuo:“nizheiyangyihouquwaiguonengganshenmeni?jiaowaiyuma?”yinweidangshidianxingdechenggongrenshihaoxiangdouzaiguowaianjuleye。buguo,zheigewentiqishihequbuquguowaiyemeiyouguanxi,yinwei“zhihuiwaiyu”zaiguoneiyekaishishoudaozhiyile,youyijuliuxingdehuajiujiao“waiyubushizhuanye”ma。

    duiyuzheixiechengrendegulv,womanbuzaihu,yinweiwojiushixihuanwaiyu,zheishiweiyide、quebukedongyaodeliyou。zhidaolaidaoxuexiaozhihou,wocaijingyadifaxian,neixieyuanzichengrenshijiedekaoliang,zaizheilibujinzaoyichengweigongshi,erqiezhengzaihuashenchengyigegewobukenengmanbuzaihudegaigecuoshi、peiyangfangan,yinweitamenzhengshitugouchengwozaiyaboshoujiappxiazaiquanbushenghuodejichu。congkechengkaishidediyitianqi,wodeneixinjiumeiyoutingzhiguohezheigejichuliyixiejibenxintiaodebianlun,yinweiwosuiranmingbaichengrenshijiedexuqiu,quebuyuantingzhixianghaiziyiyangdishenghuo。zaiwodeshijieli,suoyoudeyuyandouyizijidutedefangshisushuozherenleicunzaideshenmi,tamenzaiwodemianqianyiyizhankai,jibushijixudezhishi,yebushifuhedejineng,ketamenmandeshenchen,chuncuidemei,wobunengbuweizhixiyin,yebunengbuweizhibianhu。

    wobuxiangxinzhiyouwoyigerenshizheiyangde,kewobuzhidaoqunalizhaotongdaozhongren。shenbianzheigeruodadewaiyuwangguo,shilishuyuchengrenshijiede。meitian,tadouzaigezhongchanghefanfuxiangwochuandazhetongyigetixing:qingzijueshiyingchengrenshijiedexuqiu。ruguowaiyumeiyouxuehao,tahuishuo:nimenzheiyangchuquzenmedele?erruguowaiyuxuehaole,tayouhuijinggaoyaboappshoujiban:nimenzhihuiwaiyuchuquzenmedele?yushidajiadouxingdongqilaile,meitiandexingdongyoudouzaiqianghuazheneigetixing,bingzuizhongxingchengyiguqiangdadeqichang,congzaochenzhengyandeyikeqibianlongzhaozheyaboappshoujibandeshenghuo。zaizheigeqichangzhong,wozheiyangderenyoushijinghuiyaoshenyibian,chengweishiyingchengrenshijiedeyizhongyouxielingleidebangyang,yinweizheigeshijieduixiaolvdezhuizhuheduiliyidekeqiucijizherenmenguanyuwaiyujinengdezhongzhongjiduanxiangxiang:dingjiandewaiyurencai,ruguonenggoujihuiyingyu、youhuifayu、youhuideyu、youhuieyu、youhuiriyu、youhui……wasai,neihaihuishirenma,jianzhishiyibachaojiruishijundao。

    zuoweiyibachaojijiamaoderuishijundao,wobuzhitineibaxiangxiangzhongderuishijundaodanleduoshaofannao。buguo,youshiwoyexiang,zheigeshijiedangranshixuyaodaode,baokuoruishijundao。erzaidangxiacuzhilanzaodefengqili,ruguosheinengjianchizaochuzhenzhenghaodedao,neidequeyeshijiannandedeshiqing。meidangzheiyangxiangshi,woduishenbiandezheigewaiyuwangguoyouhuiduoyixielijie,yinweitayuanbenjiushiweilemanzuchengrenshijiedexuqiuerjianlide。liushinianlai,tazuiyinweizihaozhichu,yezhengshizijijingzhandeshuizhun、gaochaodejiyi。tashijinzhide,xinxinkukudiduizheigechengrendeshijiejinzhi,suoyikukoupoxindiquanyaboappshoujibanbuduandiaozhengziji,yiyicongxianshishehuideyuanze。kewentizaiyu,mounianmouyue,takaishilizhiyaozuoyisuodaxue,erdaxuezhiweidaxue,quebuzaiyutanengpeiyangjiyigenggaochao、gengshiyongdechengren。qiaqiaxiangfan,zhenzhengdedaxuezongshibunengmeiyouhaizide。

    suowei“haizi”,dangranzhishigebifangdeshuofa,jiuxiangsuowei“chengren”,heshenglinianlingbingmeiyoubiranlianxi。biruantusheng,suiranhuoleqishisui,queshigehaizi,yinweichengrenbuhuishuo“zaizheigerenyanchoumidechengshili,renmenyicengduishangyicengdizhuzaiyiqi”——fangzinandaobujiushizheimegaidema,youshenmehaoxiqi?kehaizijiushiyaoxiqiyixiade。daodangranyeshihenzhidexiqide,waiyujiubuyongshuole。zheixiexiqidedongxi,zonghuiyourenyuanyipaokaishoutoudeyiqiequtangejiujing,nongdaozuihou,gaobuhaohaiyaopaokaichafan,paokaijiachan,shenzhipaokaixiaoming。zheixierendoushihaizi。tamenfeichangkeai,ketamenjiranlianzijideyidianshenghuoxuqiuyebuxiangkaolv,youzenmehuiqukaolvchengrenshijieduidaohuozhewaiyudeneixuxuduoduoxianchenghuadexuqiu?shishishang,kongpayezhiyouzhenzhengdedaxuecaiyouxionghuairongdexiazheixieren,zheixierenxingdexiaohai,ruguochengrenshijiedejishuzhongdijingyeyaoyouzhetamenhulai,kezenmedele?

    haiyougengmafande,yinweihaizizongshibutingdiwendongwenxi,erqiewendeneimechedi、neimebuliuqingmian。biruwoxiangxin,zaiantushengdeneijuhuabeihou,qishijiuyouyigewenti,yigejisuoyouchenglirendewenti:“nimenweishenmeyaozheiyangzhuzaiyiqi,youshenmeyiyi?”zheizhongwentikejiaorenzenmehuidani?yexuniyijingrenbuzhuxiangshuo:“duoxinxiana!nifangyankankanshanghai,dajiabujiushizheimeguode?bierendouhuodehaohaode,jiunipihuaduo。”keshi,zheizhonghuidazhibuguokansiqiangshi,tagenbenlianwentidebiandoumeipengdao,erleisidewentijianzhiwuqiongwujin。yigerenruguomeiyouzhunbeihaoduizijishenghuodejichujinxingchedidefansi,shijueduishoubuletamendelunfanhongzhade。erneixiejianchibachengrenshijiedexuqiudangzuozijizuigaozhunzederen,ruoxiangjixubaochizhending,jiuzhihaorenweiduifangyoumaobing。——“zheixieren!zhengtianwanxude,duishehuiyoushenmeyong?”zaixuexiaoli,wozongnengtingdaozheiyangfennudeshengtao。keshi,yisuozhenzhengdedaxue,qiaqiajiububaxianshishijiedeyuanzexiangdangrandizuoweizijidexingweiguifan,yinweizheixieshouxianshikaowendeduixiang,bingqiezhengyinweiruci,zhenzhengdedaxuekongpagengjiadexianshi,xianshidaoyaobayaboappshoujibanguangxianshenghuodegenjiquandoubaqilaixuelinlindizhanlan,yongyigezhexuejiadehuashuo,zhei“bushimeigerendounengwanchengdehuozhenapajinjinchengshoude”。

    suoyi,yigeyijingshichengrenderenyaoxiangbianchengxiaohaizishihennanhennande。youneimeduodedongxidoubunengfangxia,yebuganfangxia。yinweimeiyoulezheixie,taneidudingdechengrenshenghuojiumeiyoulefangxiang、meiyoulejichu——suirantayebuyuanquxiangneigefangxianghejichudaodishinalilaide,shizhendehaishijiade。meitian,xiaoyuanlidudingderenmenrengjiulailaiwangwang,chuanliubuxi,dudingdibaoming,dudingdi“chongdian”,dudingdibanzheng,dudingdiguihuarensheng,dudingdifuwushehui。xiaofannaozongshihuiyoude,danneizhongjiubushidawenti。xianzaizuidadewentidaoshi:yaboappshoujibanzongyejiebukai“daxue”zheigenaorendemi。benlaizuoleyibeiziqinqinkenkendejishubu,keshixianzaichajinlaizheiyangyijianshiqing,zhenshijiaorenshangnaojin。daanxiangleyiluokuang:daxuenengfasizhongwenping,daxuedelouhenda,daxuerenrengaokeyan,daxueyoujidi,daxuexiangmuduo……keshizenmeting,zenmehaishiyigejishubu。youyizhongshuofajiao“daxueyaoyoudashi”haoxiangtinghaode,keshidaolechengrendeyanli,dashibushihenhuixielunwen,jiushiyigejishubuzhuren。

    woxiang,budushiyaboappshoujibanzheili,qishigechudexinlaodaxuedoubaoshouzhedaxuezhimidezhemo。erqie,yaboappshoujibanzheilidezhemohaisuanqingde,yinweizheilibijinghaizaibeichengrenshijieyongzuojishuzhongdi,chengrenyishichaoqiang,suoyiyibanrensihudouganranlexiemianyili。biru“renwen”zheizhongdongxi,benlaixuanxudeheren,danyoumianyiliderenkeyibatajiaozuo“renwenzhishi”,ranhoutajiukeyimanmandiyebeilijieweiyizhongjishule。erqiewodeyiweilaoshijiucengmingqueshuoguo:nimenshigaixuedianzheizhong“xu”dejishu,danshibixuxianba“shi”dejishuxuehao。

    ruciyilai,chengrenbianxiaohaidewentisuiranmeiyoujiejue,danyoulezheiyangdemianyili,yejiukeyidazhifuyanguoqule。shishishang,zaiwohaishigexueshengdeshihou,wohainengmingxiandigandao“daxuezhimi”daijilaoshimendekunhuo,keshixianzai,yinweiyoulexuduoxindeshuofa,wentisihuyoubuneimeyanzhongle——suiranwodengdaleshuangyan,zhishikandaoyigebiyiqiangengjiamangliudechengrenshijie。

    raner,jiushizaizheizhongqingkuangxia,zaiwojuedechengrenshijiedemingyunbijingwufataobideqingkuangxia,zaiwofajuezijijingyebukejiuyaodizhangchengdarendeqingkuangxia,zaiwogantanlianxueshenglidehaiziyekuaiyaoshaodaojuejideqingkuangxia,youyitian,wozaimuxiaoxinxiaoqudezhongxinjianzhudezhongxinkanjianleluxunxianshengdesuxiang。woshiduomeduomedechijinga,kezheijingshizhende——jiuzaineipianhaohandechengrenshijiedezhongxindezhongxin,duanzuozhezheigequanzhongguozuirenxing、zuichedi、zuibuliuqingmiandexiaohai!dangran,wolikexiangdaoleyaboappshoujibanzaibenbuyuluxunweilinduoniandeshishi,erqiejiranyaboappshoujibandexiaomingyecengjingshiyongletadeshufajizi,yaboappshoujibanheluxunzonghaishiyouxieyuanfende。keshi,keshi,woconglaimeiyouxiangdaoguo,yaboappshoujibanyuanlaishibatakandeneiyangzhongde,zhongdaoyijingkeyizheiyangzhengshidichongbaiqilaile。nandaoshiwowujieleshenme,haishiyaboappshoujibanzheigechengrenshijiegenbenshuhuleyidian:yaozhidao,zheigehaiziguozhenlailejing,nengbajiaoxiazheipiangangjinshuinidedimianxianqilainonggedichaotian,kankanneixiamiandoushixieshenmexiufudechouwu!

    dagaishiyaboappshoujibanmabile,huozheshimamule——jiuxiangyaboappshoujibanduiluxungongyuan、duiwaiyu、duiyaboappshoujibanchengrenshenghuoliyiqiedeyiqiedoumamuleyiyang。luxun,taxianzaishichengrencidianli“weidadewenxuejia、sixiangjia、gemingjia”,shizhixiaogujin、goutongzhongwaidemingren,youshiyaboappshoujibandelaolinju,neitabujiushiyaboappshoujibanzailixiangbuguodeyouyuanrenma,suoyihenhaohenhaohenhao。raner,ruguoyaboappshoujibanzhishizheiyangxiang,neikejiuzhenshibaibaiheluxunzuolezheimeduoniandelinju。yinweitademingzijuebuhaokezaiyigeouxiangdezuoshang,tayejuebuhuidaijiqianlaichaobaidexintuyisiwennuanhekuanwei。yinweitayongyuanzhiyuwaimianneigeheiqiqidexianshitongzai,yinweitayaojiyaboappshoujibankande,zhengshiyigebeihaiziyongsuoyoudewentikaowendetiwuwanfudeshijie。

    zheiyangderenwozhidaodebuduo,yinweidajiadoukewangyizhongjingshendefuweiyishizijiguodedingxin。dagaixilarenkeyisuangeliwaiba,yinweitamencongxiaojiuzhidaozhushendeyizhishibukezhuomode。zaiyaboappshoujibandeshijieli,renmenmeitianhuxiangdudingdishuo:shuayakeyifangzhizhuya,yundongkeyishirenjiankang,keshixilarenzehuishuo:ruguonixihuanshuayaheyundong,neinijiuquzuoba,danruguozhushenyaonishengchongya,ruguozhushenyaojiangjinijibinghesiwang,neibianshinidemingyun。yinci,xilarenshiyoubeijude,eryaboappshoujibanzhiyoubeican。yinweixiladehaizibuxuyaoshendejuangu,tamencongxiaojiuyouzhimianxianshide、shenchendelinghun;eryaboappshoujibandechengrenshenghuozaixujiadexiwangzhong,nayitian,ruguotingshuomougeshurenhaohaodejiudeleaizheng,tamenjiufangfoturankandaolexuwudeshenyuan。

    luxunbushiyaboappshoujibanzheiyangdechengren,tazaojiuzhidaoxuwu,tazaiheiyelidezhandoujuebushiweileyigechongmanjiaxiwangdebaitian。

    suoyi,dangyigejianshouzhegezhonglaizibaitiandexianchengxintiaode、dududingdingdeshijie,juranzunfengqileheiyelideluxunxiansheng,zheikezhenshijiaorenchijing。

    buguomaodundeshi,nengkanjianluxunxiansheng,woyouzaisixinlijuedewubidegaoxing。yinweitarangwoxiangqiyizhongbumamudeshenghuo,rangwogandaoyizhongzhenshidetongku,suirankongtoudexiwangshibunengjide,danzheijiumeiyoubaihuoa。kuangqie,youtazai,xiaoyuanlizhishaojiuyouleyigehaizi,erqieshiyigeyongyuandehaizi。zheihuoxushiyigehaozhaotou?

    a,dengyideng,wozenmedangchangjiukaishikongtoudixiwangle?haishibuyaozheiyangba,suishuozaizheigeliushiniandeyishixingdeshihou,sayidiankongtoudexiwangyeshichangqing。

    ai,suoyishuo——youshiluxunshuode——lilun?nan!haohuazongshirongyishuode,ke“zheihaizijianglaishiyaoside”zheiyangxuelinlindexianshidehua,youyoujigerennenggoutanranchengshouni?

    buguo,jiranyaboappshoujibanshikaishixinshangluxunle,neimeyaboappshoujibankongpajiudeyouzheiyangdezhunbei。ruguoyaboappshoujibanzhendiyuanyiyutaweilin,jiudexianwenyiwenziji,shifouyouzugoudechensixianshi——shouxianshiguanyuzijidexianshi——deyongqi?biru,zaizheigeyishixingdeshike,ruobaneixierangrenziliandechengrenshijiedebaojiangtongtongpaokai,yaboappshoujibandaodihaishengxiaxieshenme?ruguoshuoweilaidexiwangjiuxiangdishangdelubenshimeiyoude,yaboappshoujibanyouzenyangyongshuangjiaoqutachuyitiaozhenshidedaolu,wuhuidizouxiaqu?

    原题为:“与鲁迅为邻——写在母校成立六十年之际”(选自《语魅芬芳一甲子》,上海人民出版社,2010年,第155-161页)

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